Mental Health and Quality of Life during COVID-19 Pandemic in Indian Society-an Early Report

Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Community Medicine,2020,6,4,xx-xx.
Published:December 2020
Type:Original Article
Authors:
Author(s) affiliations:

Deepak Nathiya1, Preeti Raj2,*, Supriya Suman3, Pratima Singh4, Balvir Singh Tomar5

1Department of Pharmacy Practice, Institute of Pharmacy, Nims University Rajasthan, Jaipur, Rajasthan, INDIA.

2Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Hospital, Nims, Jaipur, Rajasthan, INDIA.

3Institute of Nutrition and Public Health, Nims University Rajasthan, Jaipur, Rajasthan, INDIA.

4Institute of Advance Sciences, Nims University Rajasthan, Jaipur, Rajasthan, INDIA.

5Institute of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Transplant, Nims University Rajasthan, Jaipur, Rajasthan, INDIA.

Abstract:

Objectives: As COVID-19 pandemic cases are sweeping across, it is not just taking on physical health but also exponential increase in psychological suffering. This Study was conducted to assess the psychological impact COVID-19 outbreak on mental health and Quality of life in Indians. Methods: In this Cross-sectional study, total of 2245 participant above 16 years of age were involved. Design: Mental health variables were assessed via depression, anxiety and stress subscale (DASS-21), Insomnia Severity Index (ISI-7), Patient health questionnaire (PHQ-15), Quality of life (QoL-5) and social media exposure. Results: The multivariate logistic regression demonstrated female (OR-1.17, 95% CI: 0.99 to 1.38) had significantly higher depression scores whereas, housewife had higher depression (OR-1.68, 95% CI:1.33 to 2.13), anxiety (OR-1.64, 95% CI:1.15 to 2.35), insomnia (OR- 1.32, 95% CI:1.14 to 1.53), somatic symptoms (OR-1.76, 95% CI:1.21 to 2.57). Front line workers had higher psychological impact with increased scores of anxieties (OR-1.23, 95% CI: 0.79 to 1.53), stress (OR-1.82, 95% CI:0.76 to 2.55), insomnia (OR-1.65, 95% CI:1.31 to 2.09). Lower education level had significantly higher score in depression (OR-1.14, 95% CI: 0.73 to 1.32), insomnia (OR-2.42, 95% CI:2.07 to 2.84), somatic symptoms (OR-2.59, 95% CI:1.80 to 3.37). Poor physical health, social media exposure were significantly associated with heightened anxiety score. Conclusion: Health authorities should develop imperative policies to provide psychological intervention to all sections of society considering socio-demographic characteristics.