Published on:December 2015
    Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Community Medicine.2016, 2016; 2(1):21-28
    Research Article | doi:10.5530/jppcm.2016.1.5

    Knowledge and Perception towards Pharmacovigilance among Healthcare Professionals in Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Aden, Yemen

    Authors and affiliation (s):

    Mohammed Alshakka1*, Huda Bassalim2, Khaled Alsakkaf3, Marwa Mokhtar1, Mustafa Alshagga4, Sami AL-Dubai5, Nisha Jha6, Ahmed Abdoraboo7, P. Ravi Shanker8

    1Assistant Professor, Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Aden University, Yemen.

    2Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Aden University, Yemen.

    3Assistant Professor, Epidemiologist in the Department of Community Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Aden.

    4Assistant Professor, School of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus, Semenyih, Malaysia.

    5Professor of Community Medicine, SEGi University, Selangor, Malaysia.

    6Lecturer, Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, KIST Medical College, Imadol, Nepal.

    7Professor of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sana’a University, Yemen.

                  8Professor of Pharmacology, Xavier University School of Medicine, Aruba, Kingdom of the Netherlands.



    Dr. Mohammed Alshakka, PhD,

    Department of Clinical Pharmacy,

    Faculty of Pharmacy,

    Aden University, Yeman



    Reporting adverse drug reactions (ADRs) is considered the essence of pharmacovigilance practice. Physician and nurse are among health care providers who extensively take part in reporting. However, underreporting is a malpractice worldwide. This study aimed to determine physicians and nurses’ knowledge and perception toward pharmacovigilance in general, and consumer’s related pharmacovigilance. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Al-Gamhouria Teaching Hospital at Aden, Yemen. The study conducted from September to October 2014. Target populations were physicians and nurses. A 40-item self administered questionnaire was administered among participants. Descriptive and Chi square analysis were used to analyse to express the results. Results: 130 health care professionals were participating in the study with a mean age of 42.9 (SD7.93) years and a mean experience period of 20.3 (SD 9.73). Females comprised 63.1% of the participants and majority of them are nurses (68.5%). Although, Physicians and nurses showed varied statistically significant differences in knowledge toward pharmacovigilance. However, nurses showed a positive attitude and perception. Meanwhile, regarding consumer pharmacovigilance, again nurses showed positive attitude compared to physicians but physicians were more positive with the consumer reporting. Both physicians and nurses were highly scored for the importance of pharmacovigilance in Yemen as well as to be part of health education curriculum. Conclusion: A relatively good level of pharmacovigilance knowledge has been encountered among physicians and nurses. Nurses had had optimistic attitude and higher perception toward pharmacovigilance compared to physicians who more valued consumer reporting.

     Key words: Knowledge, Perception, ADRs reporting, pharmacovigilance, physician, nurses, Yemen.

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