Ebola virus is responsible for the Ebola virus diseases. The epidemic of Ebola hemorrhagic fever is a deadly disease of animal can also be transmitted to human and non-human primates. The virulence of Ebola virus involved in several immune evasion mechanisms that include an inhibition of type I interferon responsible for innate immunity, epitope masking, etc. recently Ebola virus is sexually transmitted which was reported in Liberia has associated with new clusters in regions previously declared Ebola-free. There is no appropriate antiviral vaccine or therapy is not available to work against EBOV infection in humans. However, supportive recovery practices are performed include high-fluid intake, ventilator support and broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy. The treatment and diagnosis is very important because these kind of dangerous viruses are possibly used for bio-weapons. The present review describes briefly about virology, epidemiology, pathophysiology, transmission, diagnosis and treatment of Ebola viral disease.
Key words: Ebola virus, Filovirus, RT-PCR, Drug, Vaccine Development.