Published on:March 2016
    Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Community Medicine, 2016; 2(3):65-69
    Research Article | doi:10.5530/jppcm.2016.3.2

    Prescription Patterns of Antibiotics in Five Dermatologic Outpatient Clinics: A Cross Sectional Study from Yemen

    Authors and affiliation (s):

    Salwa Omer Bahelah1 and Gamila Mohammed Abdo2

    1Department of Dermatology and Venereal Diseases, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Aden, YEMEN.

    2Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Aden, Aden, YEMEN.


    Background: Antibiotics represent one of the most commonly used medicines in dermatology. The objective of the present study is to assess the prescription patterns of antibiotics by dermatologists. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in five dermatologic outpatient clinics in Aden Governorate, Yemen. Data were gathered using interviewer-administered questionnaire during the period January to October, 2014. The questionnaire was developed by the authors according to the objectives of the study, it includes patients-related (e.g., age, sex) and drug-related data (e.g., name of the drug, dosage, duration, route of administration and therapeutic efficacy). Data were analyzed by SPSS version 15. Results: During the study period, 320 patients were recruited in which 57.2% were females. The majority of female patients (69.4%) were in the age group 11-20 years while most male patients (60%) were in the age group 1-10 years. Most patients (28.4%) were diagnosed with eczema and dermatitis, followed by acne (22.5%). Macrolides (33.2%) were mostly prescribed followed by Penicillin (24.7%). One week duration of prescription of antibiotics for most cases (78.4%). Majority of cases (95.8%) improved clinically with the use of antibiotics that followed established therapeutic guidelines. Conclusion: Most cases had eczema and dermatitis, Macrolides were most commonly prescribed and one week duration prescribed for most cases. Most cases improved with guidelines followed.

    Key words: Antibiotics, Rational prescriptions, Skin infection, Yemen, Dermatology.

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