Published on:April 2017
    Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Community Medicine, 2017; 3(2):81-89
    Research Article | doi:10.5530/jppcm.2017.2.20

    A Cross-sectional Survey on the Knowledge and Attitudes towards Zika Virus and its Prevention among Residents of Selangor, Malaysia

    Authors and affiliation (s):

    Mohammad Arief1, Mohamed Azmi Ahmad Hassali2, Fahad Saleem3, Muhammad Umair Khan4, Akram Ahmad1, Akshaya Srikanth Bhagavathulha5, Shazia Qasim Jamshed*6

    1Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, UCSI University, Kuala Lumpur-56000, Malaysia

    2Discipline of Social and Administrative Pharmacy, School of Pharmaceutical Scienc-es, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia

    3Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmacy & Health Sciences, University of Balochistan, Quetta, Pakistan

    4Faculty of Pharmacy, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia

    5Department of Clinical Pharmacy, University of Gondar-College of Medicine and Health Sciences, School of Pharmacy, Gondar, Ethiopia

    6Department of Pharmacy Practice, Kulliyyah of Pharmacy, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia


    Objective: The objectives of this study were to evaluate the knowledge and attitudes towards ZIKV and its prevention among residents of Selangor, Malaysia. Methods: A pre-tested, selfadministered, cross-sectional survey involving 400 participants was conducted from January to February 2016 in Selangor, a most populated state of Malaysia. Participants were selected using a purposive sampling approach. Descriptive and inferential statistical tests were applied to analyze the data. Results: Of 400 surveys included in the final analysis, 286 (71.5%) respondents showed good knowledge towards ZIKV. The mean knowledge score of the participants was 10.94 ± 3.89. A total of 298 (74.5%) respondents showed a positive attitude towards ZIKV and its prevention. The mean attitude score of the participants was 7.10 ± 2.80 (based on 10 questions). One-third of participants (n=132, 33%) did not consider the need of any protective measure if the male partner is suspected of having ZIKV. A large proportion of respondents (n=190, 47.5%) did not consider Malaysia at risk of ZIKV. Participants’ main source of information about ZIKV was the internet. Conclusion: The findings of this study highlighted important gaps in the knowledge and attitudes of Selangor residents towards ZIKV and its prevention. There is a need for developing customized interventions to bridge these gaps as it is critical to prevent the spread of ZIKV in Malaysia.

    Key words: Knowledge, Attitude, Zika virus, Infection, Public, Malaysia. 

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