Impact of Treatment on Asthma Control in Quetta Pakistan

Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Community Medicine,2023,9,1,1-5.
Published:March 2023
Type:Original Article
Author(s) affiliations:

Sadia Sehar1,*, Noman-ul-Haq2, Maria Tahir3, Sohail Riaz4, Aqeel Nasim5, Muhammad Saood5, Riffat Yasmin6

1M.Phil. Pharmacy Practice, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, University of Balochistan, PAKISTAN.

2Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, University of Balochistan, PAKISTAN.

3Lecturer, Department of Pharmacy, Sardar Bahadur Khan Women’s University, Balochistan, Quetta, PAKISTAN.

4Lecturer, Faculty of Pharmacy, Capital University of Science and Technology, Islamabad, PAKISTAN.

5Drug Analyst, Provincial Drug Testing Laboratory, Quetta, PAKISTAN.

6Hospital Pharmacist, Balochistan Institute of Nephrology and Urology, Quetta, PAKISTAN.


Background: Poorly controlled asthma may lead to decreased lung function, increase the risk of complications and more episodes of exacerbations, increased healthcare utilization, including more frequent hospitalizations and emergency room visits. Regular monitoring of asthma symptoms and lung function can help identify any potential issues in asthma control and ensure optimal management. Objectives: The study aims to assess the asthma control by the usage of asthma controller medications especially, corticosteroids, bronchodilators and leukotriene modifiers, among patients receiving treatment through well-validated questionnaire. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study with a sample of 361 was conducted in different public hospitals outpatient departments and clinics of Quetta Pakistan by using a convenience sampling technique. The Asthma Control Questionnaire (ACQ) was used to measure the asthma control of the asthmatic patients. The descriptive and inferential statistics have been done by using SPSS version 20 with a p value <0.05. Results: The study found that an average score of asthma control was 3.1±1.10 thereby indicating uncontrolled asthma with also 62.3% of study participants had uncontrolled asthma, no patient had controlled asthma. An increased number of medications including the use of corticosteroids and leukotriene modifiers posed an impact on asthma control of the study population. Conclusion: The study concluded that corticosteroids and leukotriene modifiers can be effective in asthma control and it is suggested for the future studies that route of administration and treatment guidelines must also be determined along with the asthma control to gain a complete picture of impact of treatment and management on any health outcomes.